TEACHING NUMERACY: Habits To Ignite Math Thinking


[semester equivalent = 2.00 credits]



Suzanne Warner



Many students lack basic numeracy – the ability to think through math problems logically, solve problems, and apply math outside the classroom.  This independent study course outlines nine critical thinking habits that foster numeracy and details practical ways to incorporate these habits into your instruction. The text, Teaching Numeracy: 9 Critical Habits to Ignite Mathematical Thinking, refers to Common Core Standards, NCTM (National Council of Teachers of Mathematics) Standards, and numerous successful mathematical literacy practices. Included in each section is a “How Can I Do This in My Math Class…Tomorrow?” application section with multiple ideas and methods to incorporate numeracy into your classroom. No more will students arrive at wildly wrong answers and have no idea how or why!

This course is appropriate for teachers K-12.


LEARNING OUTCOMES: Upon completion of this course, participants will have:

  • Explore the concept of numeracy and its relation to overall student success.
  • Implement practical ways to incorporate numeracy habits into their classrooms.
  • Transform mathematics learning from simply “doing the math” to “thinking about the math process.”
  • Monitor students’ understanding of mathematics and mathematics vocabulary.
  • Create numeracy-rich lesson plans
  • Represent mathematics nonlinguistically.

Completion of all specified assignments is required for issuance of hours or credit. The Heritage Institute does not award partial credit.

Completing the basic assignments (Section A. Information Acquisition) for this course automatically earns participant’s their choice of CEUs (Continuing Education Units), or Washington State Clock Hours or Oregon PDUs. The Heritage Institute offers CEUs and is an approved provider of Washington State Clock Hours and Oregon PDUs.



Continuing Education Quarter credits are awarded by Antioch University Seattle (AUS). AUS requires 75% or better for credit at the 400 level and 85% or better to issue credit at the 500 level. These criteria refer both to the amount and quality of work submitted.

  1. Completion of Information Acquisition assignments 30%
  2. Completion of Learning Application assignments 40%
  3. Completion of Integration Paper assignment 30%


CREDIT/NO CREDIT (No Letter Grades or Numeric Equivalents on Transcripts)
Antioch University Seattle (AUS) Continuing Education Quarter credit is offered on a Credit/No Credit basis; neither letter grades nor numeric equivalents are on a transcript. 400 level credit is equal to a "C" or better, 500 level credit is equal to a "B" or better. This information is on the back of the transcript.

AUS Continuing Education quarter credits may or may not be accepted into degree programs. Prior to registering determine with your district personnel, department head or state education office the acceptability of these credits for your purpose.



The text is Teaching Numeracy: 9 Critical Habits to Ignite Mathematical Thinking by Margie Pearse & K.M. Walton, about $20 on Amazon.

  • Teaching Numeracy: 9 Critical Habits to Ignite Mathematical Thinking
    ISBN# 9781412992237
    by Margie Pearse, K. M. Walton

    Buy from Amazon


Text, Teaching Numeracy: 9 Critical Habits to Ignite Mathematical Thinking, is approximately $20 on Amazon.


Suzanne Warner, M.S., received her Masters Degree in Education from the University of Rochester, New York.  She has taught mathematics in the middle school, high school, and college settings, most recently in Oregon. Suzanne has been lauded by administrators, colleagues, students and parents regarding her teaching and classroom management skills. Her students enjoy learning in a respectful, productive environment, where each student is in control of her/his own learning and behaviors. She strongly believes that all students want to do well, and creates a teaching environment for them to succeed. 

When not in the classroom, Suzanne enjoys spending time with her family reading, hiking, backpacking and traveling.


TEACHING NUMERACY: Habits To Ignite Math Thinking

Boaler, JoWhat’s Math Got to Do with It? How Parents and Teachers Can Help Children Learn to Love Their Least Favorite Subject, 1st Edition. 2009.  Penguin Books, paperback, 288 pages, ISBN: 978-0143115717, In this straightforward and inspiring book, Jo Boaler, a professor of mathematics education at Stanford for nine years, outlines concrete solutions that include classroom approaches, essential strategies for students, and advice for parents. This is a must-read for anyone who is interested in the mathematical and scientific future of our country.

Humphreys, Cathy and Ruth Parker.  Making Number Talks Matter: Developing Mathematical Practices and Deepening Understanding, Grades 4-10, 1st Edition.  2015.  Stenhouse Publishing.  Paperback, 200 pages, ISBN: 978-1571109989, Making Number Talks Matter is about the myriad decisions facing teachers as they make. Throughout the book, Cathy Humphreys and Ruth Parker offer practical ideas for using Number Talks to help students learn to reason numerically and build a solid foundation for the study of mathematics. This book will be an invaluable resource whether you are already using Number Talks or not; whether you are an elementary, middle school, high school, or college teacher.

Moynihan, ChristineMath Sense: The Look, Sound and Feel of Effective Instruction, 1st Edition. 2012. Stenhouse Publishers.  Paperback, 144 pages, ISBN: 978-1571109422, Chris Moynihan explores some of the components that comprise the look, sound, and feel of effective teaching and learning. Does the landscape of the classroom feature such items as student work samples, a math literature collection, and a number line? Do the lessons include wait time, checks for understanding, and written feedback? Do you feel a spirit of collaboration, risk taking, and a sense of pride? Math Sense provides a series of self-assessment rubrics to help you identify the earmarks of a vibrant mathematics community and help you to inform refine your practice. This practical guide offers a road map for taking stock of your teaching and building a stronger mathematics classroom environment for you and your students.

Sammons, Laney, Building Mathematical Comprehension, 1st Edition. 2011. Shell Education. Paperback, 304 pages, ISBN: 978-1425807894, This resource applies familiar reading comprehension strategies to mathematics instruction to aid in building students' comprehension in mathematics. Building Mathematical Comprehension demonstrates how to facilitate student learning to build schema and make connections among concepts. It also provides clear strategies for helping students ask good questions, visualize mathematics, and synthesize their understandings. This resource is aligned to the interdisciplinary themes from the Partnership for 21st Century Skills and supports the Common Core State Standards.

Shumway, Jessica FNumber Sense Routines: Building Numerical Literacy Every Day in Grades K-3, 1st Edition. 2011.  Stenhouse Publishers. Paperback, 192 pages, ISBN: 978-1571107909, In Number Sense Routines, Shumway shows that number sense can be taught to all students. Dozens of classroom examples - including conversations among students engaging in number sense routines - illustrate how the routines work, how children's number sense develops, and how to implement responsive routines. Additionally, teachers will gain a deeper understanding of the underlying big ideas, skills, and strategies that children learn as they develop numerical literacy.

Smith, Margaret Schwan and May Kay Stein,  5 Practices for Orchestrating Productive Mathematics Discussion, 1st Edition. 2011. National Council of teachers of Mathematics.  Paperback, 104 pages, ISBN: 978-0873536776,  The 5 Practices framework identifies a set of instructional practices that will help teachers achieve high-demand learning objectives by using student work as the launching point for discussions in which important mathematical ideas are brought to the surface, contradictions are exposed, and understandings are developed. By giving teachers a road map of things that they can do in advance and during whole-class discussions, these practices have the potential to help teachers more effectively orchestrate discussions that are responsive to students and the disciplinef.